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Soft Tissue Surgery

Brachycephalic Syndrome otherwise known as “brachycephalic respiratory syndrome” or “congenital obstructive upper-airway disease”

  • - Dogs with a “shortened head”, such as Bulldogs, Boxers, Pugs and Shih Tzus, can have abnormalities that make them prone to brachycephalic syndrome. – These abnormalities include:
    • - Stenotic nares (severe narrowing of the nasal openings)
    • - Elongated soft palate which may block airway
  • - Symptoms include:
    • - Labored or noisy breathing
    • - Exercise induced breathing problems – becoming out of breath
    • - Retching, coughing, snorting
    • - Turning blue (lack of oxygen)
    • - Restlessness
  • - With breathing problems may come other symptoms which include:
    • - Increased susceptibility of heat stroke
    • - Difficulty swallowing
    • - Abnormal body posture, in order to inhale
    • - Increased incidence of dental/periodontal disease
    • - Increased eye problems
    • - Infections in the folds of the face

Laryngeal Paralysis

  • - Occurs most often in large breeds such as Labrador Retrievers, Golden Retrievers, Saint Bernards, and Siberian Huskies
  • - Symptoms may include
    • - Voice change, may sound hoarse
    • - Noise while inhaling and exhaling
    • - Symptoms worsen in hot, humid weather or after exercise

Otitis Externa and Otitis Media

  • - Symptoms of outer ear disease:
    • - Odor and/or discharge
    • - Scratching or rubbing of ears, shaking/tilting of the head
    • - Redness or swelling
    • - Pain
    • - Changes in behavior, irritability
  • - Symptoms of inner ear disease include the symptoms for outer ear disease as well as:
    • - Possible facial paralysis on the infected side which may include difficulty swallowing, droopy eyelids and muscles
    • - Loss of balance
    • - Downward head tilt
    • - Possible circling

Perineal Hernia

  • - Breeds more prone to perineal hernia: Boston terrier, Corgi, Boxer, Collie, Kelpie, Old English Sheepdogs, Dachshund and Collie
  • - Symptoms include:
    • - Unilateral or bilateral swelling near the anus
    • - Constipation or straining to defecate
    • - Inability/straining to urinate
    • - Abdominal pain
    • - Lethargy
    • - Altered tail carriage
    • - Anorexia

Urethreal Obstruction

  • - Mostly found in male cats
  • - Symptoms include:
    • - Inability to urinate
    • - Constant licking of gentalia
    • - Weakness
    • - Vomiting or lack of appetite
    • - Dehydration

 

Orthopedic Surgery

Hip Dysplasia

  • - Larger breeds are most likely to experience hip dysplasia
  • - Loose and unstable hip joints with the following symptoms:
    • - Rear limb lameness
    • - Difficulty or stiffness upon rising
    • - Moving both rear legs together as if to hop
    • - Waddling
    • - Painful reaction to rear extension
    • - Tendency to tilt hips when hind end is touched
    • - Reluctance to jump, climb stairs or exercise

Knees/Stifle Disease

  • - Cruciate Rupture
    • - Symptoms include:
      • - Lameness upon injury
      • - Crepitus
      • - Decreased ROM
      • - Hind leg outstretched while sitting
      • - Weight shift while standing
  • - Patellar Luxation
    • - Most likely to occur in small or miniature breeds for dogs and some larger breeds, i.e. Labrador Retrievers; occasionally Domestic shorthair cats
    • - Symptoms are slight but include dislocation of the patella (kneecap) in varying degrees:
      • - Grade I: carrying of the leg occasionally, skipping or hopping
      • - Grade II: joint becomes dislocated more often, Crepitus (crackling) can be heard in joint, DJD can set in
      • - Grade III: permanent dislocation, still may be weight bearing however may appear to be bowlegged
      • - Grade IV: permanent luxation, carrying the leg all the time

Growth Disturbance

  • - Osteochondrosis Dissecans (OCD)
    • - Primarily affects large or giant breeds, males more often than females and occasionally small breed dogs and cats, or young and fast growing - animals
    • - Bone growth abnormality resulting in pieces of the cartilage becoming loose around the joints
    • - Symptoms include:
      • - Lameness in the affected limb
      • - Shortened forelimb stride
      • - Reluctance to flex or extend the joint
  • - Fragmented Medial Coronoid Process (FCP)
    • - Most likely to occur in young large or giant dogs, such as German Shepherds, Rottweilers, Golden Retrievers and Dobermans
    • - Bone growth abnormality that causes the bone to break up exposing the tissue
    • - Symptoms are similar to OCD
      • - Lameness in the affected limb
      • - Shortened forelimb stride
      • - Reluctance to flex or extend the joint
  • - Ununited Anconeal Process (UAP)
    • - Most often occurring in young German Shepherds, Basset Hounds and Saint Bernards
    • - Symptoms include:
      • - Lameness in involved limb
      • - Possible swelling and tenderness around the elbow joint

Neurologic Surgery

  • - Intervertebral Disc Disease
    • - Breeds most commonly affected are long-backed dogs, such as Dachshunds
    • - Symptoms in the thoracolumbar region include:
      • - Refusal to walk or jump as had previously
      • - Wobbly hind legs or hind legs cross while walking
      • - As condition worsens:
        • - the animal may refuse to walk or stand at all
        • - inability to completely express the bladder
        • - pain perception is lost
    • - Symptoms in the neck region include:
      • - Neck pain and will protect neck from movement
      • - Stiff gait or unwilling to flex neck
      • - Sudden movements may produce a yelp
  • - Vertebral Instability
    • - Breeds most commonly affected are Great Danes and Doberman Pinschers
    • - Symptoms progress from:
      • - Unwillingness to bend the neck
      • - Weakness or uncoordinated in hind limbs
      • - Weakness in the front limbs as well
  • - Spinal Tumors
    • - Symptoms include:
      • - Neck or back pain
      • - Limping
      • - Wobbly gait
  • - Brain Tumors
    • - Symptoms include:
      • - Changes in behavior, intelligence or blindness

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